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Corps of Discovery: Chronometer

Meriwether Lewis was encouraged to take a chronometer to assist with accuracy of longitudinal measurements and navigation. It proved less than practicable for the journey requiring continual winding and having vulnerabilities to fine particulate matter (sand). The corps abandoned use of the instrument half way across.

Based on a design from Europe but made in Philadelphia. It would have been similar in appearance to the instrument shown below:

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New prehistoric art in Australia

https://www.sciencealert.com/whole-new-style-of-ancient-australian-cave-art-shows-nature-and-humans-in-harmony

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Centenary of the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamen

2022 is the centennial year of Howard Carter’s discovery of the tomb of the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamen.

Timeline

Steps to tomb uncovered by water boy – an excavation team member November 4, 1922. Howard Carter makes an opening to the entrance chamber takes a look through a small opening holding a candle. Lord Carnavon and his daughter Lady Evelyn are present.

Carnavon: “What do you see?” Carter: “Beautiful things”

Howard Carter ( May 9, 1874 – March 2, 1939

Howard Carter, Egyptologist and discoverer of the tomb of Pharaoh Tut en kam in

Photography of the tomb by Harry Burton

Unlike his contemporaries Sir Flinders Petrie and Sir Alan Gardiner Howard Carter was never recognized with knighthood or lesser honor from King George V.

The Tutankhamen scandal

“The discoveries in that tomb set in motion a power struggle that has been only partially uncovered. Carter wanted to send as much of the treasure as possible to England and the United States. This plan quickly met with resistance. Egypt had been a British protectorate since 1914, but the administration of antiques lay in the hands of a particularly intractable Frenchman.” Der Spiegel

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The Jefferson Enigma

The Declaration of Independence contrasts with Jefferson’s views on slavery, his relationship with Sally Hemings a mulatto slave he owned and with whom he fathered several children. He concealed his relationship with Sally Hemings though was public about his views on slavery which he believed was important to the growth and economic development of the southern states. He was antithetical to inter-racial marriage while also believing that the African races were intellectually and otherwise inferior.

Jefferson considered that slavery should be eventually be abolished from the United States but he believed also that the slaves should be transported back to Africa.

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History: The Civl War

It might be a fair to say that most people’s introduction to the history of the US Civil War is the Ken Burn’s PBS series. Though over the years and after a major re-release it has not aged well. Read this analysis by Gillian Brockell in the Washington Post